Thursday, 30 July 2015 21:48

Articles about the history of Agua Fria Village

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William Mee

Resident of Agua Fria Village Traditional Historic Community (THC) a place of settlement since 1640, grew up by Cerrillos, N.M.  Went to SFHS, NMSU and College of Santa Fe; and later UNM.  Member of Agua Fria Village Association and Acequia Agua Fria Association.


  • Comment Link Mike Lord Saturday, 01 August 2015 18:32 posted by Mike Lord

    This is great stuff, William. Many thanks for keeping the history alive.

  • Comment Link Michael Miller Friday, 31 July 2015 22:48 posted by Michael Miller

    Thanks William,
    Excellent research. Job well done Hilario and William.

  • Comment Link William Mee Thursday, 30 July 2015 21:54 posted by William Mee

    So here is a "Unofficial Timeline" of Agua Fria history:
    3,000-3,500 BCE Earliest pit houses along Santa Fe River
    500-800 Quemado Pueblo burned
    800-1100 Second distinct civilization found at Pindi Pueblo (earlier than Santa Fe)
    1100-1350 Third distinct civilization found at Pindi Pueblo
    1450 Last Native American inhabitation of area
    Pre-1600 El Camino Real del Tierra Adentro based on Native American trails
    Place of Settlement date: 1640; possibly 1603---earlier than Santa Fe
    1693 Land grants given:
    - Roque Madrid west of San Isidro Crossing;
    - Cristobal Nieto on east of him
    - Andres Montoya (from Cieneguilla) on west
    1650-1700 Stop on Camino Real not a Paraje (resting place); but a place to wash up in the springs before dramatic entry to Villa de Santa Fe
    1700’s Known as Pueblo Quemado and Ojito Fresco; later as Ranchitos de los Romeros and Ranchitos de los Lopez; then Placita de los Romeros/Lopez
    1776 Fray Dominguez report
    1822 Agua Fria Village cited in Mexican report
    1835 San Isidro Mission (later Church) land donated and construction started
    1837 Gov. Albinio Perez proposed taxes and was beheaded; head kicked thru Village to Santo Domingo as a way to show popular support of revolt.
    1846 Lt. James W. Abert mentions Agua Fria in dispatches (first “American” reference).
    1861 Men in village volunteer for Union Army
    1862 Company of cavalry raised under Captain Charles Probst see action in Glorieta
    1880 Santa Fe Improvement Company dams river
    1881 Twelve men ride to reservoirs; six with guns to release water
    1894 Reservoir stops acequias illegally; Governor Thornton petitioned (he is also a member of the Santa Fe Ring behind the action)
    1896 Legislature and courts petitioned.
    1933 Los Pastores recorded by WPA unemployed artists/sent to National Archives
    1935 Celso Gallegos’ santos featured at Chicago Museum of Modern Art
    1945 Final reservoir built illegally--- acequias dry; effluent water released in place
    1946 Los Pastores featured in New Mexican
    1962 Last presentation of Los Pastores when Freddy Gallegos dies
    1970 Clean Air & Water Act prohibits release of effluent water
    1971 Adjudication lawsuit filed – now longest running litigation in U.S.
    1985 Southwest Area Task Force (SWAT) started
    1993 Agua Fria Village Association (AFVA) started
    1994 4th Incorporation attempt (1960, 1970, 1980)
    1996 THC status granted by BCC
    1999 First River Blessing rekindled.
    2000 Las Posadas rekindled.
    2010 Melinda Romero-Pike named Official Historian by BCC; 175th anniversary of church
    2015 375th anniversary of Agua Fria Village.

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